• Comparison Matrix: This graphic organizer sets up the different characteristics between contrasting concepts.
  • Comparison Words: This list generates words to use when comparing and contrasting items.
  • Compare and Contrast Sentence Frame: This compare and contrast organizer helps students structure their writing using sentence frames.
  • Similarities and Differences Word Sort: This science chart example shows how students can use word sort categories to organize content area vocabulary, and can be adapted for any content area.
  • Compare and Contrast Procedure: This word analysis compare and contrast strategy helps students decode multi-syllabic words by recognizing letter patterns.
  • Magnet Words: This strategy helps students identify key vocabulary by focusing on the relationship between different concepts.
  • Semantic Feature Analysis: This strategy helps students develop relationships between prior knowledge and new concepts through visualization.
  • Discussion Web:
  • Two Questions: This lesson helps students see possible relationships between the key word in a lesson and other words in their listening vocabulary by posing these two questions: Do I know any words that look and sound like this word? Are any of these look-alike/sound-alike words related to each other?


  • Burke Vocabulary Chart: This example sorts different words into parts of speech categories in order to discuss and write about All Quiet on the Western Front.
  • Discussion Web: This graphic organizer helps students categorize opposing points of a question or issue.
  • Classifying Challenge: This strategy is designed to expand students' knowledge of the meanings of unknown words as well as to clarify their existing information about known words through the use of analogies.
  • Venn Diagram: Romeo and Juliet comparing classic and contemporary literature/ film

Creating Metaphors:

  • Creating Metaphors: This organizer/lesson helps students describe themselves using metaphors.

Creating Analogies:

  • Types of Analogies: This chart demonstrates the different types of analogies and includes examples for each.
  • Word Analogies: This provides students with the opportunity to establish relationships between familiar concepts and new ideas.
  • Analogy Graphic Organizer & math sample


Romeo & Juliet Power Point by Stacy Carleton in collaboration with Mason Wright, Century High School Teachers 2011

Using Technology in a high school History Class to identify similarities and differences


Keys to Learning Science Vocabulary Shore, Ray, Goolkasian Marshall Memo May 2013

Building Students' Background Knowledge: Douglas Fischer, Nacy Frey & Diane Lapp Marshall Memo Jan/2012