Common Formative Assessments

Common Formative Assessments are periodic or interim assessments, collaboratively designed by grade-level or course teams of teachers, and administered to all students in a grade level or course several times during the quarter, semester, trimester, or entire school year. Designed as matching pre- and post-assessments to ensure same-assessment to same-assessment comparisons, they are similar in design and format to district and state assessments. Common formative assessment items are intentionally aligned to essential (Priority) standards only and reflect a blend of item types, including selected-response (multiple choice, true/false, matching) and constructed-response (short- or extended). Participating teachers analyze student assessment results in Data Teams to plan and differentiate instruction. Such results provide predictive value as to how students are likely to do on each succeeding assessment (school, district, and state) in time for teachers to make instructional modifications.

Planning Template for CFAs

Scoring Guide Checklist

Depth of Knowledge Chart-created by Mary Pinkly McGinnis

Depth of Knowlege Circular Flow Graphic-Created by Mary Pinkly McGinnis


Best Practices with Formative Assessment: Brent Duckor Marshall Memo March 2014

A Thorough Analysis of Value-Added Scoring of Teachers: Edward Haertel Marshall Memo March 2013* Complete Report

The Best Value in Formative Assessment-Chappuis & Chappuis January 2008

Data in the Driver's Seat-Paul Bambrick-Santoyo January 2008

Promoting Learning & Achievement: Getting Students Involved in Formative Assessment-Heidi Andrade Spring 2011

Response to Intervention in Literacy: Problems & Possibilities: Peter Johnson June 2011

Making Assessment Work for You: Fred Jones May 2011

Tips on Improving Teacher Made Tests: Spencer Salend Summary Marshall Memo November 2011

Overcoming Obstacles to Better Grading: Thomas Gusky Summary Marshall Memo November 2011

How Grading Changed Our School: Jeffrey Erickson Summary Marshall Memo November 2011

Tips for Adopting Standards Based Grading: Susan Brockhart Summary Marshall Memo November 2011

Tips for Improving Teacher Made Tests: Spencer Saland excerpt Marshall Memo November 2011

A Middle School Uses On-the-Spot Assessments to Differentiate: Kristina Doubet Marshall Memo January 2012

Teachers Place Little Value on  Standardized Testing: Anthony Rebora Marshall March 2012


Teacher Constructed Examples:
Kindegarten-Math (Schott-Hillsboro SD)
1st grade-Geography (Wilson/Monnier-Hillsboro SD)
1st grade-Conventions (Jensen/Martinez/Hobbs-Hillsboro SD)
3rd grade-Place value math (Smith, Marshall, Monahan-Hillsboro SD)
4th grade-Measurement (McKinney/Hill-Hillsboro SD)
5th grade-Science (Iniguez/Young-Hillsboro SD)
5th grade-Conventions (Ward, McCoy, Harkelrode-Hillsboro SD)
5th grade-Fractions (Dave, Lindsey, Kristen-Hillsboro SD)
6th grade-Conventions (Brittney, Thao, Stacey, Jean-Hillsboro SD)
8th-grade-Linear equations (Appert/ Fonder-Hillsboro SD)
9th grade-Science/Forces (Duggan/Wakeman-Hillsboro SD)
10th grade-Civics & Government (Murray, Corliss, Spitzer-Hillsboro SD)
11th grade-Biology (Carr/Naurt-Hillsboro SD)